This week’s newsletter summarizes a proposal for an update to the LN
gossip protocol. Also included are our regular sections on bech32
sending support and notable changes in popular Bitcoin infrastructure
None this week.
Gossip update proposal: Rusty Russell made a short proposal to update the gossip protocol that LN nodes use to
announce what channels they have available for routing payments and
what capabilities those channels currently support. Most notably, the
proposal significantly reduces the byte size of messages through two
mechanisms: schnorr signatures and optional message extensions.
Schnorr signatures based on bip-schnorr save a few bytes because
of their more efficient encoding compared to DER-encoded ECDSA
signatures, but their most significant savings in the gossip
improvement proposal comes from the ability to aggregate the two
signatures for a channel announcement into a single signature using
MuSig. Optional message extensions using Type-Length-Value (TLV)
records allow omitting unnecessary details when the protocol defaults
are being used (for more information about TLV, see the notable
code and documentation changes section below).
Bech32 sending support
Week 18 of 24 in a series about allowing the people
you pay to access all of segwit’s benefits.
We have heard from wallet providers that a reason for their hesitation
to default to receiving to bech32 addresses is concern that they’d see a
significant increase in customer support requests. Despite this, some
wallets already default to bech32 addresses and others plan to move to
use them soon, such as Bitcoin
We solicited input from a number of services including BitGo, BRD,
Conio, Electrum, and Gemini regarding their customer support burden from
use of bech32 addresses. Most services report minimal issues (“no
support requests” and “there isn’t too much confusion”).
One service said, “So Bitcoin address-related customer support tickets
increased 50%, but the absolute number of tickets is so small that not
sure we can give too much significance. There have never been many
tickets on this subject either before or after Bech32 so not sure this
is an important point in making the argument for exchanges to make the
switch. Instead, I might suggest focusing on fees, which really can add
up if you are using an old wallet implementation.”
While not conclusive, it is reassuring that services opting to support
receiving to bech32 addresses have not seen a negative impact on their
customer support teams. The suggestion above to consider fee savings
likely far outweighs concerns, and is consistent with Bitcoin Optech’s
guidance. With few negative reports and
significant potential fee savings for those wallets and services that
support receiving to bech32 addresses, it may be time for more wallets
to begin making bech32 their default address format. If that happens,
it’ll be even more important for other wallets and services to support
sending to bech32 addresses.
Bitcoin Core #15277 allows the Linux versions of Bitcoin Core to
be deterministically compiled using GNU Guix (pronounced “geeks”).
This requires much less setup than the currently-still-supported
mechanism based on Gitian and so it is hoped that it will lead to a
greater number of users being able to independently verify that the
release binaries are derived solely from the Bitcoin Core source code
and its dependencies. Additionally, Guix requires fewer build
environment dependencies and there is ongoing work to essentially
eliminate its need for any pre-compiled binaries in the typical build
toolchain, both of which make the build system much easier to audit.
Altogether this should reduce the amount of trust users need to place
in the developers of Bitcoin Core and the software used to build
Bitcoin Core. Although this merged PR only builds Linux binaries,
it is expected that support for Windows and macOS will
follow. For more information, see PR author Carl Dong’s recent talk
from the Breaking Bitcoin conference (video,
BOLTs #607 extends the LN specification to allow packets to contain
records that start with a type identifying their purpose, followed by
the message length and the record’s value, called TLV records.
Because each message starts with a type and a length, LN nodes can
ignore records with a type they don’t understand—e.g., optional parts
of the specification that are newer than the node or experimental
records that are only being used by a subset of nodes and so aren’t
part of the spec yet. Existing LN records haven’t been converted to
use TLV, but subsequently-added optional records are expected to use
this format. All LN implementations monitored by Optech currently
support TLV on at least their development branch.
BIPs #784 updates BIP174 Partially Signed Bitcoin Transactions
(PSBTs) to include a BIP32 extended pubkey (xpub) field in the
global section. This is described in a new part of the BIP entitled
“Change Detection” that describes how signing wallets can use this new
field to identify which outputs belong to that wallet (in whole or as
part of a set of wallets using multisig). The idea for this
modification of the specification was previously discussed on the
Bitcoin-Dev mailing list as described in Newsletter #46.