This week’s newsletter describes a proposed BIP for creating signed messages for non-legacy addresses and summarizes a discussion about provably burning small amounts of bitcoin for denial of service protection. Also included are our regular sections with popular questions and answers from the Bitcoin Stack Exchange, announcements of new releases and releases candidates, and summaries of notable changes to popular Bitcoin infrastructure software.


  • Multiformat single-sig message signing: Bitcoin Core and many other wallets have long included support for signing and verifying arbitrary messages when the key used to sign them corresponds to a P2PKH address. Bitcoin Core doesn’t support signing or verifying arbitrary messages for any other address type, including addresses covering single-sig P2SH-P2WPKH, native P2WPKH, and P2TR outputs. A previous proposal, BIP322, to provide fully generic message signing that could work with any script has not yet been merged into Bitcoin Core or added to any other popular wallet of which we’re aware.

    This week, Ali Sherief proposed that the same message signing algorithm used for P2WPKH also be used for other output types. For verification, programs should infer how to derive the key (if necessary) and verify the signature using the address type. E.g., when provided a bech32 address with a 20 byte data element, assume it’s for a P2WPKH output.

    Developer Peter Gray noted that ColdCard wallets already create signatures in this way and developer Craig Raw said Sparrow Wallet that wallet is able to validate them in addition to also following the BIP137 validation rules and a slightly different set of rules implemented in Electrum.

    Sherief is planning to write a BIP specifying the behavior.

  • Proof of micro-burn: several developers discussed use cases and designs of onchain transactions that destroy bitcoins (“burn” bitcoins) in small increments as a proof of resource consumption. To extend an example use case by Ruben Somsen from the thread, the idea would be to allow 100 users to each attach to their emails a proof that $1 of bitcoins had been burned, providing the type of anti-spam protection originally envisioned as a benefit of hashcash.

    Several solutions were discussed using merkle trees, although one respondent suggested that the small amounts involved suggest that having participants trust (or partially trust) a centralized third party may be a reasonable way to avoid unnecessary complexity.

Selected Q&A from Bitcoin Stack Exchange

Bitcoin Stack Exchange is one of the first places Optech contributors look for answers to their questions—or when we have a few spare moments to help curious or confused users. In this monthly feature, we highlight some of the top-voted questions and answers posted since our last update.

Releases and release candidates

New releases and release candidates for popular Bitcoin infrastructure projects. Please consider upgrading to new releases or helping to test release candidates.

  • BTCPay Server 1.6.3 adds new features, improvements, and bug fixes to this popular self-hosted payment processor.

  • LDK 0.0.110 adds a variety of new features (many covered in previous newsletters) to this library for building LN-enabled applications.

Notable code and documentation changes

Notable changes this week in Bitcoin Core, Core Lightning, Eclair, LDK, LND, libsecp256k1, Hardware Wallet Interface (HWI), Rust Bitcoin, BTCPay Server, BDK, Bitcoin Improvement Proposals (BIPs), and Lightning BOLTs.

  • Bitcoin Core #25351 ensures that after an import of addresses, keys, or descriptors to a wallet, the subsequent rescan will not only scan the blockchain but also evaluate whether transactions in the mempool are relevant to the wallet.

  • Core Lightning #5370 reimplements the commando plugin and makes it a built-in part of CLN. Commando allows a node to receive commands from authorized peers using LN messages. Peers are authorized using runes, which is a custom CLN protocol based on a simplified version of macaroons. Although Commando is now built into CLN, it’s only operable if a user creates rune authentication tokens. For additional information, see CLN’s manual pages for commando and commando-rune.

  • BOLTs #1001 recommends that nodes who advertise a change to their payment forwarding policies continue accepting payments received using the old policies for about 10 minutes. This prevents payments from failing just because the sender hasn’t heard about a recent policy update. See Newsletter #169 for the example of an implementation adopting a rule like this.